Messengers often flavor their messages. We're hearing opinions from all quarters regarding the amendment. A few flavors floating around:
. I heard it changes Save Our Homes.
. I'm confused about the amendment. What's being offered?
. I think the Legislature should have done more.
. I'm waiting for the Budget and Tax Reform Commission to make their recommendations.
. I'm going to wait on the 2008 Legislature to make this a better fix.
. I don't like property taxes. I want to see another way of funding local government like the fair tax. I'm not voting for this.
What's being offered in the amendment?
1. Save Our Homes portability will allow moving without penalty.
The first question I hear is: "How does it affect Save Our Homes?"
Have no doubt or fear about the sanctity or future of SOH. The Jan. 29 amendment does not change Save Our Homes, it makes it better for homeowners. The amendment lets you keep the "capped value" you've accrued as long as you reside in Florida, even if you move to another home. Transporting the capped value from one home to another is called portability.
Now your current home just (market) value = $300,000
Your assessed value (because of SOH) = $125,000 ($175,000) SOH benefit
Less $25,000 regular homestead exemption $25,000, equals taxable value $100,000; times millage rate of 19.2871 mills x .019287071, equals amount of property taxes: $1,928.7
Your SOH benefit value is $300,000-$125,000 = $175,000
You buy another home worth more (buy up with portability)
Your new home just (market) value = $375,000
Portability from old home is previous SOH benefit $175,000
Beginning assessed value on new home = $200,000, less $25,000 regular homestead exemption $25,000, equals taxable value $175,000 times millage rate of 19.2871 mills x .019287071 equals amount of property taxes $3,375.24, versus $375,000- $25,000 = $350,000 x .019287071 = $6,750.47 without portability
You buy another home worth less (buy down with portability)
Your new home just (market) value = $200,000
Portability percent from old home ($175,000/$300,000 = 58.33 percent) = $116,660
Beginning assessed value, new home ($200,000 -$116,660) = $83,340; less $25,000 regular homestead exemption, equals taxable value $58,34, times millage rate of 19.2871 mills x .019287071, equals amount of property taxes $1,125.21; versus $200,000-$25,000 = $175,000 x .019287071= $3,375.24 without portability
Portability saved these new homeowners significant money in the first year and every year thereafter. This will enable thousands of Floridians to move without tremendous property tax penalty.
The additional $25,000 exemption detailed below would add another $295 in savings to those illustrated above. To see and use this process in detail, go to www.volusia/property, then to new portability and exemption calculator.
In both examples above, unless the January amendment passes, these homesteaded property owners will pay twice the amount of taxes.
Portability alone, in my opinion, is enough reason for Florida voters to pass the Jan. 29 amendment.
2. Every Volusia homesteader will receive a $295 tax reduction, due to the additional $25,000 exemption (in addition to portability).
Portability provides tremendous potential benefit to those who want to move. The amendment also provides an additional $295 (using Volusia millages) to those who plan to stay in their existing homes. This is the average tax savings from the additional $25,000 homestead exemption, which will be available if the amendment passes. It provides a positive benefit to resident homeowners, regardless of their desire to re-locate.
3. All non-homesteaded properties (all other properties) will receive a SOH-like value cap of 10 percent, per year.
The amendment provides SOH-like protection to all non-homestead property owners. Future value increases are limited to 10 percent, per year. This, along with the spending-cap legislation passed by the 2007 legislature, will insure long-term protection against tax-increases.
4. All Florida businesses receive a new $25,000 exemption.
These non-homesteaded (business and other) properties have never had such an exemption before. It applies to their tangible personal property (business machinery, furniture, computers, equipment, mobile home attachments on rented land, etc.).
This will average around $500, benefiting all, but will have greater impact on small businesses. It is an additional incentive for all businesses.
Complex problems rarely have simple answers. Tax reform is complex, and a single amendment covering all reform areas has already proven problematic to the Florida Supreme Court.
The following tax reform problem areas, however, have now been addressed by either the 2007 Legislature or the Jan. 29 amendment:
. Local government spending increases
The 2007 regular legislative session put a local governmentspending cap into the Florida Statutes (FS200.065). Local government spending increases are limited to "last year's budget" plus the PCI (per capita income index), as well as moneys from newly constructed buildings.
. Inability of homeowners to move to another home
The January amendment provides for portability - as illustrated in detail above - solves this problem affecting so many Floridians.
. Tax relief for non-homesteaded properties
The January amendment provides a 10 percent SOH value-cap for all non-homesteaded property. This is protection against abnormal real estate markets like we saw from 2001-06. It also provides for an additional $25,000 business tax exemption.
Failure of the amendment in January will delay any solutions for at least one year and possibly two, depending of the actions of the Constitutional Budget and Tax Reform Commission and the 2008 Legislature.
Florida's real estate market and associated service industries fuel much of our economy that is already in crisis mode.
Shortfalls in sales tax revenues and rising unemployment are among a host of effects being felt now. Delay will exacerbate the economic situation.
A solution to the portability problem will, in my opinion, provide impetus for re-starting the market with increased relocations. We are in the 13th year of a normal seven-year relocation cycle, where many families are waiting to be able to move without penalty.
On any complicated issue in your life or business, have you ever received all you wanted at one time on the first effort? Or did it involve a "process" requiring more of an incremental approach?
If we don't take step one, how will we get to step two?
Morgan B. Gilreath Jr. is the Volusia County property appraiser